The weather is the TOTAL CLIMATE and that climate is ANTIBLACK – slavery is propelled into the present as the ATMOSPHERE. An atmosphere that is slave law ARCHIVED and REPEATED into the present as lynch law, as Jim crow, as stop n frisk, the total climate both EXCEEDS and DETERMINES the law itself which SUFFOCATES blacks in THE HOLD OF THE SHIP
Sharpe takes us through the archive in 2016 <Christina. Associate Professor of English at Tufts University. “In the Wake: On Blackness and Being” January 2016. Duke University Press. Pg 104-106. CS https://g.co/kgs/6Jc3ot>
In Beloved, the weather comes, breaks, changes quickly; it “let
move through these environments in which the push is always toward Black death?
THE HOLD IS THE STARTING AND ENDING POINT OF THIS DEBATE. Through the SOCIAL AND PHYSICAL death of the slave, the WHITE CAPACITY to VALUE and ARRANGE ECOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS is guaranteed. The ON-GOING DESTRUCTION of the environment and SYSTEMIC INEQUITIES are waves left by the WAKE OF THE SHIP.
Leong (Diana, Assistant Professor of English & Environmental Humanities Graduate Program at Utah University) 2017 (The Salt Bones: Zong! and an Ecology of Thirst, Published January 4th 2016, Isle Journal, Volume 23 Issue 4, November 2016, C.A. https://doi.org/10.1093/isle/isw071)
Philip is acutely aware that the global systems of slavery attempted to define unequivocally the
thirst to consider how they might propose new ways of being “human.”
Antiblackness both STRUCTURES and OPERATES within Asian-American communities, creating the hierarchies within them and COMPOUNDING violence against black people by non-black people. Non-black Asian-Americans have TWO CHOICES, to choose to be a CO-CONSPIRATOR by embracing the hold and surrendering to blackness OR to be an ALLY, an UNCLE CHANG that pushes anti-black coalitions and politics for their OWN gain at the expense of BLACKS.
Brady and Murrillo explain in 2014 <Nicholas Brady and John Murillo III. “Black Imperative: A Forum on Solidarity in the Age of Coalition” January 26, 2014. https://outofnowhereblog.wordpress.com/2014/01/26/black-imperative-a-forum-on-solidarity-in-the-age-of-coalition/. CS>
Surrender to blackness.” A grammatical imperative. Grammatical because syntactically it marks a command
imperative. Instead of fetishizing the object, you must surrender to blackness.
The hold REPEATS into the PRESENT and into educational spaces like DEBATE – traditional debate functions to enact a curriculum that TRAUMATIZES and RETRAUMATIZES black debaters without producing liberatory strategies – understanding debate as the hold is key to BREAK this violence. THE ROLE OF THE JUDGE IS TO THINK AND ACT FROM THE HOLD. The role of the ballot is to vote for the team that best PERFORMATIVELY and METHODOLOGICALLY confronts the total climate of antiblackness.
Sharpe in 16 <Christina. Associate Professor of English at Tufts University. “In the Wake: On Blackness and Being” January 2016. Duke University Press. Pg 90-91. CS https://g.co/kgs/6Jc3ot>
The hold repeats and repeats and repeats in and into the present, into the
see figure 2.5) be saved by being marked for it?
AFFIRM THE HOLD
The 1AC is a performance of WAKE WORK, the process of thinking about our RELATION TO THE DEAD that allows a process of MOURNING through ritual and provides a PRAXIS for understanding THE HOLD, how it REPEATS ITSELF into the present, and for fostering resistance in THIS SPACE
Sharpe (Christina, Associate Professor of English at Tufts University and the author of Monstrous Intimacies: Making Post-Slavery Subjects, also published by Duke University Press) 2016 (In the Wake: Blackness and Being, Duke University Press, Pg.20-22, C.A. https://g.co/kgs/6Jc3ot)
What, then, are the ongoing coordinates and effects of the wake, and
do work that I have not here been able to imagine or anticipate.
The onus is on them to prove social death is wrong, not the other way around
Wilderson III (Frank B., Associate Professor of African American Studies and Drama at the University of California, Irvine, Former Member of militarized wing of the ANC) 10 (Red, White, and Black: Cinema and the Structure of U.S. Antagonisms, pg. 10-11, C.A.)
Regarding the Black position, some might ask why, after claims successfully made
occur? The woman at the gates of Columbia University awaits an answer
Even if we don’t win S/D is capital T truth, it’s a better analytical frame
Brady (Nick, PhD candidate at UC Irvine) 2015 (A Few Notes on the Intramural of Afropessimism, https://outofnowhereblog.wordpress.com/2015/07/31/a-few-notes-to-the-intramural-on-afropessimism/, C.A.)
I once was told in a conversation, “I just don’t buy that black
world did that and the theory describes the violence of the world.
Understanding black death and antiblackness as emissions is key – only our frame allows for theory and praxis to resist gratuitous violence
Sharpe (Christina, Associate Professor of English at Tufts University and the author of Monstrous Intimacies: Making Post-Slavery Subjects, also published by Duke University Press) 2016 (In the Wake: Blackness and Being, Duke University Press, Pg. 17-20, C.A.)
But even if those Africans who were in the holds, who left some thing
is an element ‘which remembers the dead'” (DeLoughrey 2010, 704).
Their interp is bad bc they reduce GHGs to the nonhuman form, only the aff interp allows us to understand how everything is determined by the racial atmosphere
Mawani in 15 <Renisa. “Atmospheric Pressures: On Race and Affect” planetarities.web.unc.edu/files/2015/01/Mawani.Atmospheric-Pressures.docx>
Atmosphere might offer one way to decenter the human as the sole agent of history
Fanon reminds us, creates a viable albeit unpredictable plane for racial politics.
They overlimit the topic and prevent revolutionary v revolutionary debates where debaters can engage with the question of the hold and new ways to resist antiblack violence outside of the state – we are K2 new methods
Sharpe (Christina, Associate Professor of English at Tufts University and the author of Monstrous Intimacies: Making Post-Slavery Subjects, also published by Duke University Press) 2016 (In the Wake: Blackness and Being, Duke University Press, Pg. 12-13, C.A.)
Those of us who teach, write, and think about slavery and its after
and that excess, that past not yet past, in the present.
Procedural rules of the game are used to exclude minorities – their interp replicates this violent logic
Holloway Sparks, 2003 <Assistant Professor in the Department of Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies at Emory University in Atlanta. Queens, Teens, and Model Mothers: Race and the Politics of Welfare Reform>
In spite of the participatory principles embodied in these theories, some deliberative democrats have
people, large groups of citizens face the devaluation of their political participation.