Kansas HW Octafinals – Datacenters


Plan: The United States federal government should apply Section 111 of the Clean Air Act to greenhouse gas emissions of commercial data centers and remove the Energy Management Requirement exemption under the Energy Policy Act for the greenhouse gas emissions of National Security Agency data centers.

1ac efficiency

Applying section 111 to data centers restricts emissions which is key to force efficiency measures

Story 14 – JD from GWU, former EPA attorney

(Jasmine, “Cloud Computing and the NSA: The Carbon Footprint of the Secret Servers”, Journal of Environmental and Public Health Law ISSN 2164-7976 (online) Ɣ DOI 10.5195/pjephl.2014.77 http://pjephl.law.pitt.edu Volume 9 Issue 1 Winter 2014)



provide a great opportunity to significantly cut down on greenhouse gas emissions.96

Data center emissions are growing rapidly due to energy inefficiency that trades off with innovation in critical sectors—emissions regulation is key to solve

Kiely et al 10 – senior partners at McKinsey and Company

(Tom, Shannon Bouton, Jon Creyts, John Livingston, “Energy Efficiency: A Compelling Global Resource”, McKinsey Report)

Every large organization depends on vast arrays of servers to run applications, support electronic


used none of the number of readily available management tools for tracking use.

Inefficiency is a massive drain on data center scalability and IT resources—only the plan can de-risk a wholesale shift to cloud computing

Masanet et al 14 – Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, University of California-Berkeley M.S. Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering Associate Professor of Chemical and Biological Engineering + 30 other authors

(Eric, “Data Center Efficiency Assessment”, August 2014, https://www.nrdc.org/sites/default/files/data-center-efficiency-assessment-IP.pdf)

Studies show that average server utilization remained static at 12 to 18 percent between 2006


be the most effective way to reduce their energy and environmental impacts.41

Restricting emissions is key—provides the critical incentive to rapidly expand cloud computing

Shankar 15 – PhD, Principal Consultant at ISG. As a member of the Emerging Technologies Practice at ISG, Ravi focuses on helping clients develop and implement their cloud transformation strategies

(Ravi, “Can Cloud Computing Reduce Carbon Emissions?”, 6/4/15, http://blog.isg-one.com/can-cloud-computing-reduce-carbon-emissions/)

Studies indicate that cloud computing could play a significant role in reducing the use of


their priority lists as new regulations make it a decidedly more urgent matter.

Cloud computing is key to quickly identify and respond to zoonotic diseases through genome sequencing and data sharing

Luheshi et al 15 – Junior Associate Fellow at Centre for Science and Policy, University of Cambridge; Dr Sobia Raza is a Data Science Policy Analyst at the PHG Foundation; Sharon J. Peacock is at the Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, Genome Medicine

(Leila, “Moving pathogen genomics out of the lab and into the clinic: what will it take?”, 12/30/15, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4697326/)

Pathogen genomics is a team game The most successful demonstrations of the capabilities of pathogen


clinical and public-health communities in which their influence is most needed.

Zoonotic diseases cause extinction—genome sequencing and data sharing is key to solve

MacPhee and Greenwood 13 – 1Vertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, PhD from University of Alberta, Professor, Richard Gilder Graduate School; Ph.D. degree and works as the Head of the Department of Wildlife Diseases at the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research in Berlin, Germany, and Professor of wildlife diseases in the Department of Veterinary Medicine of the Freie Universität Berlin

(Ross and Alex, “Infectious Disease, Endangerment, and Extinction”, 1/4/13, https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijeb/2013/571939/)

Why should the possible role of infectious disease in endangerment and extinction be regarded as


do not understand, or ignore, may be what hurts us most.

1ac nsa

Removing the Energy Policy Act exemption for NSA data centers is key to broader federal leadership on electronics stewardship and enhancing NSA capabilities by improving energy efficiency and freeing up resources

Story 14 – JD from GWU, former EPA attorney

(Jasmine, “Cloud Computing and the NSA: The Carbon Footprint of the Secret Servers”, Journal of Environmental and Public Health Law ISSN 2164-7976 (online) Ɣ DOI 10.5195/pjephl.2014.77 http://pjephl.law.pitt.edu Volume 9 Issue 1 Winter 2014)



facilities covered by the EPAct so that only large commercial facilities are covered.

Effective federally-led electronics stewardship through the Energy Policy Act is key to solve electronic waste

RT 15 (Recycling Today, “Strategizing for sustainable electronics”, 3/5/15, http://www.recyclingtoday.com/article/rt0315-electronics-recycling-government-reports/)

Looking Forward: Research on rare earth elements – Electronic products are increasingly dependent upon


of e-waste so capacity-building efforts can be effectively targeted.

Electronic waste leads to extinction

Gartner 16 (Kristi, Executive Director of the non-profit electronics recycling association, “Consumerism, Mass Extinction and our Throw-Away Society”, https://www.theartof.com/articles/consumerism-mass-extinction-and-our-throw-away-society)

Needless to say, affordability for tech items has increased considerably. This example is


generation of our children. This is in each of our back yards.

The NSA’s Utah data center is failing and will face more meltdowns in the future because of energy over consumption and resource constraints

Gorman 13 (Siobhan, “Meltdowns Hobble NSA Data Center — Investigators Stumped by What’s Causing Power Surges That Destroy Equipment”, 10/7/13, https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052702304441404579119490744478398)

Chronic electrical surges at the massive new data-storage facility central to the National


can expect to avoid these incidents in the future,” their report said.

The Utah data center is the only facility capable of effectively monitoring the deep-web

Bamford 12 (James, “The NSA Is Building the Country’s Biggest Spy Center (Watch What You Say)”, 3/15/12, https://www.wired.com/2012/03/ff_nsadatacenter/)

Given the facility’s scale and the fact that a terabyte of data can now be


Here’s how the data center appears to fit into the NSA’s global puzzle.

Darknet makes a large scale cyber terror attack inevitable—monitoring vast complex data is key

Rathore 16 – Research Analyst with the International Centre for Political

Violence & Terrorism Research (ICPVTR), a constituent unit of the S. Rajaratnam

School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University,


(Shahzeb, “Deep web: the “dark” side of IS”, 11/7/16, https://dr.ntu.edu.sg/bitstream/handle/10220/41704/CO16275.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y)

Indeed, anonymity does not mean that the darknet is a dangerous place. Individuals


international community must pre-empt this threat now and take necessary steps.

Cyber-terror leads to nuclear war

Gartzke and Lindsay 17 – Department of Political Science, University of California, San Diego; Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto

(Erik and John, “Thermonuclear cyberwar”, 1/12/17, https://oup.silverchair-cdn.com/oup/backfile/Content_public/Journal/cybersecurity/PAP/10.1093_cybsec_tyw017/1/tyw017.pdf?Expires=1490322510&Signature=UjwulzstZFq~ITeamqMoy5h2ahaUG8mTiVXy27aWRnLvbrOEhJQbYGyM4OEhrbIIi38fybrZJnzW2OYfdAT0IUJmoWEK6nQimEHRZKyLRY8zdQtL3vBeQuNjB~T1cHgm2Ain5Hj2t5Miwcmx8PxheEE~qVHjcYuhdi5iOI7IZ2MYiWmtmVlcorwqNR5TkdFzwDrMyqQZ1vNS9zA4RkJbuE2t64EwzCjntm5Mg9etA2o1qO-pxy6p2JuU4em-OpInmyJf3y-IcgTTECnycREQRx6VeJKhafgUi~vFi1tQVP5xZFIh-tp3BIM745E~5zBJHhSiBrBJdQbDuiohgvw~DQ__&Key-Pair-Id=APKAIUCZBIA4LVPAVW3Q, Journal of Cyber Seucurity)

Nuclear weapons have been used in anger twice—against the Japanese cities Hiroshima and


but in rare circumstances it may make escalation to thermonuclear war more likely.

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